Alina Plitman ist Doktorandin bei Prof. Dr. Bernward Gesang am Lehrstuhl für Praktische Philosophie mit Schwerpunkt Wirtschaftsethik (Philosophie II). Sie hat ihr Studium in Wirtschaftswissenschaft an der Ruhr-Universität Bochum abgeschlossen. An der Universität Stuttgart hat Alina Plitman ihren Bachelor- und Masterabschluss in Philosophie gemacht. Ihre Forschungsschwerpunkte sind angewandte Ethik, Wirtschaftsethik und politische Philosophie. In ihrer Dissertation befasst sie sich mit dem Konzept des bedingungslosen Grundeinkommens. Im Fokus liegen der Arbeitsbegriff, seine Revision und Eingliederung in die Theorien der Gerechtigkeit.
Betreuer: Prof. Dr. Bernward Gesang, Lehrstuhl Philosophie II
This dissertation project aims to clear the current comprehension of the concept of work in the context of justifying income independent of work performance, also known as unconditional basic income (UBI).
The concept of work we use today does not describe or explain the modern format of working. This outdated concept makes it impossible to approach such a solution as universal basic income (UBI). Exploring the pairs of terms in several languages, we discover two distinct semantic levels of the concept of work – the toiling and the creating concepts. The phenomenon of work occurs in two areas and two levels – as life process and as social process, on the mental level, and on the physical level, accordingly. The anthropological concept of work by Arendt is not suitable because it considers only the toiling aspect of work. Arendt denies the conscious aspect of work and opts for multiplicity in relation to work instead of plurality. Instead, I suggest the creating concept of work that contains all the necessary components of work, including the freedom concept into work and eliminating the labor suffering from the concept of work. This revisioned concept of work is more suitable for describing the intellectual work, making it possible to consider work as a basic human need. Hence, work is not a mere trait of animal laborans anymore, but a means that can attain fun, satisfaction, and autonomy.
Moreover, this dissertation studies the justice of the UBI concept. The creating concept of work affects the comprehension of just sources distribution. There are two ways to reflect the possibility of free choice of human activity – as laziness and living at the expense of others or as a manifestation of individual freedom raising as well as economic benefits and social quality of life. I will research how different modern justice theories consider the concept of UBI and support the claim that UBI can improve the distribution of resources and the economic efficiency of the status quo. The purpose of this dissertation is an analysis and adaptation of the revisioned concept of work and its incorporation into current theories of justice (a theory of justice by Rawls and a distributive justice theory by van Parijs).