Forschung am LS Philosophie I

Der Forschungs­schwerpunkt des Lehr­stuhls Philosophie I (Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Freitag) liegt im Bereich Theoretische Philosophie, insbesondere Sprachphilosophie, Er­kenntnistheorie, Metaphysik und Wissenschafts­theorie. Die frühe Analytische Philosophie bildet einen historischen Schwerpunkt. 


Aktuelles Forschungs­projekt

Mind the Meaning

The Philosophy of Psychological Expressivism


    Dissertations­projekte

  • Expressing Myself: Disavowals and the Mind (working title)

    Nadja-Mira Yolcu

    Betreuer: Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Freitag, Lehr­stuhl Philosophie I

    The dissertation project aims to develop an expressivist analysis for the negation of avowals. So far, expressivist theories (Wittgenstein 1953; Bar-On 2004, 2015; Finkelstein 2003; Freitag 2014, 2018) have focused on positive avowals. But negated avowals (disavowals), e.g., “I don’t hope that it is raining,” pose, or seem to pose, a serious problem to avowal expressivism. It is unclear what the utterance of a negated avowal is supposed to express – how can one express the absence of a mental state? The purpose of the dissertation is to examine negated avowals. I will tentatively claim that, in spite of the mentioned problem, they can receive an expressivist interpretation. I propose that disavowals constitute cases of expressive denegation. Thus, we can avoid a descriptivist backlash. An expressivist interpretation of disavowals will, furthermore, contribute to a new understanding of various philosophical problems such as Moore’s paradox and suspension of belief.

  • Self-Consciousness: Epistemic, Semantic and Metaphysical Aspects

    Maik Niemeck

    Betreuer: Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Freitag (Lehr­stuhl Philosophie I)

    My research project focuses on the phenomenon of self-consciousness. There are two interrelated and highly debated issues concerning the phenomenon at hand. One discussion covers the question whether there are any semantic or epistemic peculiarities of self-ascriptions regarding the thinkers own phenomenally conscious states. Another debate that builds upon this former question concerns the issue of how consciousness and self-consciousness need to be understood in order to account for these semantic and epistemic features. The project will take a stance on these debates and hence is set up to examine semantic and epistemic characteristics of specific self-ascriptions and to develop a theory of self-consciousness that is able to account for the findings made.

  • Scientific Observation in Perspective (working title)

    Lyu Xingyu

    Betreuer: Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Freitag, Lehr­stuhl Philosophie I

    The dissertation project aims to develop a perspectivist account of scientific observation. The observational ability of human observers has been profoundly enlarged and enhanced with the aid of sophisticatedly designed apparatus. Whether the observational results gained via the use of apparatus could be treated as the outcome of a simple continuum of human sensory perception or not, determines how we interpret observational results in science. I will respond to this question from a perspectivist viewpoint and will thus argue that there is no simple continuum thereof. The purpose of this dissertation is to develop a perspectivist theoretical framework with the aim of bridging the gap between the apparatus-based observation and human sense-based observation.